Insect visitors include borers, leaf miner, beetles, mealy bugs, caterpillars and scale. On dry, difficult sites they can develop yellow or orange fall color. Fire Risk: This plant has a low flammability rating. Alternate, ovate to elliptic, rough-textured dark green leaves (to 2.5” long) with doubly toothed margins and asymetrical bases. Winged Elm is a deciduous tree that may grow 40 to 60 feet tall. Resistant to fire and moderately resistant to damage from deer. Prefers rich, moist loams. Even better, it comes fully dried—that means zero maintenance. N.C. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Wetwood is a bacterial disease that results in wilting and dieback. The winged elm gets its name from the very broad, warty growths, thin and wing-like, that grow along its branches. Its branches form a vase shape with an open, rounded crown. 7"diam. The bark is red-brown to ashy gray with flat-topped ridges that are separated by irregular fissures. Insignificant, small, brownish-green flowers appear in clusters in late winter to early spring before the foliage emerges. Other common names include small leaved elm, cork elm and wahoo.Genus name comes from the Latin name.Specific epithet means winged. The tree is a small one, usually growing to a height of 40 to 60 feet tall. Tolerant of light shade. The wings are irregular and sometimes look more like knots than wings. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. The leaves are alternate with a doubly toothed margin and unequal base. These flowers are produced from short spur twigs in small clusters up to 1" long; there are 4-10 flowers per cluster. Branchlets have two wide corky wings (alata is from Latin meaning winged), hence the common name. The tree generally grows to a maximum height and breadth of about 13 m × 13 m (43 ft × 43 ft), although on fertile alluvial soils such as those of the Mississippi River Delta, some specimens have reached double this height (see 'Notable trees' below). Winged elm is the wood of choice for high quality hockey sticks, due to its resistance to splitting. Regular pruning of young trees is often required in order to eliminate multiple trunks. The flowers of Winged Elm (Ulmus alata) are perfect and about 6 mm. Winged elm, a smallish elm as elms go, is one three species found in every Arkansas county. Canopy form is variable from pyramidal to vase or rounded. The seeds are eaten by songbirds and small mammals. The winter adults appear in late August and shelter for the winter starting the cycle all over again. Displayed on its own or worked into a bouquet for added height and texture, these Dried Winged Everlasting Flowers add a delicate touch to your decor. Flowers give way to single-seeded, wafer-like, elliptical samaras (each tiny seed is surrounded by a flattened circular papery wing). Particularly susceptible to Dutch Elm disease, powdery mildew, phloem necrosis, cankers, and leaf spots can be problems, especially on stressed trees. The seeds mature in April-May as the leaves reach full size. Ulmus alata, commonly called winged elm, is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree that typically grows to 30-50’ tall with an open-rounded crown. Dutch elm disease, a fatal fungal disease spread by airborne bark beetles, attacks the water-conducting tissue of the tree, resulting in wilting, defoliation and death. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Generally tolerant of urban conditions. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. The fruit is a reddish or greenish samara, ovate to oblong and 6 to 8 mm (0.25 to 0.33 in) long. Seeds mature in April-May as the leaves reach full size. It is also a host plant for the Red Spotted Purple butterflies. Insignificant, small, brownish-green flowers appear in clusters in late winter to early spring before the foliage emerges. It is native from Virginia to southern Indiana and Missouri south to Florida and Texas. Adapts to both moist and dry sites. In fall, the leaves turn yellow. Grow in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun. In nature, it can be found in rock outcrops, dry wooded areas, fields, and disturbed areas. The bark is red-brown to ashy gray with flat-topped ridges that are separated by irregular fissures. This plant supports the following larvae: Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui), Eastern Comma (Polygonia comma), Mourning Cloak (Nymphalis antiopa), Question Mark Butterfly (Polygonia interrogationis). Usually seen at 45 to 70 feet high, winged elm can reach 90 feet in height in the woods with a 30 to 40-foot spread. Leaves typically turn an undistinguished dull yellowish green in fall. It could be used as a landscape tree, shade tree or street tree, but has disease susceptibility that may make planting it today a questionable proposition. Small drupe but very distinctive, 1/2 inch long, covered with warty to long projections. (¼") in length, consisting of a light green calyx with 5 rounded lobes (but sometimes up to 9 lobes), 5 stamens with reddish anthers (but sometimes up to 9 stamens), and a flattened green ovary with a pair of stigmata. It is uncommonly found in commerce. In late winter, small red flowers mature in clusters. The leaves typically turn an undistinguished dull yellowish-green in fall. The size of … Winged elm leaves are 1½ to 2 inches long, narrow and thick-textured. In North Carolina, flowers are available from February to March. As its common and scientific names imply, winged elm is most easily recognized by the very broad, thin pair of corky wings that form along the branchlets after a couple of years. Made in the USA. Flowering and Fruiting- The perfect flowers of winged elm are borne on threadlike pedicels in short, few-flowered drooping fascicles before the leaves appear in March and April (22). In fall, the leaves turn yellow. x 28"h. Dried winged everlasting flowers. Adult Question Mark butterflies feed on rotting fruit, tree sap, dung, and carrion only visiting flowers for feeding when absolutely necessary. Native Range: Eastern and central North America. VIDEO Created by Elizabeth Meyer for "Trees, Shrubs and Conifers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. In North Carolina, fruits are available from March to April. Powdery mildew can be a significant problem in some areas, with foliage sometimes acquiring a noticeable white tint by late summer. The tree produces a 1/4- to 1/2-inch flattened samara with a hairy margin. In the wild, this elm is a small and slender component of the understory with no particularly outstanding ornamental features. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui) and Red-spotted Purple (Limenitis arthemis astyanax) rarely use this host plant in North Carolina. Phloem necrosis is a disease caused by a phytoplasma that attacks the food-conducting tissue of the tree, usually resulting in a loosening of the bark, wilting, defoliation and death. Branches rise through the crown, then bend in a sweeping manner toward the ground. A North American native, this fast-growing deciduous tree is quickly identified by the corky, wing-like projections which appear on opposite sides of twigs and branches. Ovate to elliptic, rough-textured dark green leaves (to 2.5” long) have doubly toothed margins and asymetrical bases. The tree produces a 1/4- to 1/2-inch flattened samara with a hairy margin. Various wilts, rots, cankers and leaf spots may also occur. These will appear as summer adults from May-September, laying eggs that then develop into the winter adult form. Seeds mature in April-May as the leaves reach full size. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The fibrous inner bark is used to make baling twine. The leaves of the winged elm are small and oval, a dark green color with paler, hairy undersides. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). May not be reliably winter hardy throughout the St. Louis area. Stems usually have two wide corky ridges or wings. Flowers give way to single-seeded, wafer-like, elliptical samaras (each tiny seed is surrounded by a flattened circular papery wing). The twigs and leaves of the Winged elm provide a nutritious browse for white-tailed deer, especially in the spring, … Insignificant, small, brownish-green flowers appear in clusters in late winter to early spring before the foliage emerges. The crown can be either rounded or pyramidal; the branches are pendulous. Leaves: Fall Blooms: Late Winter/Early Spring Nut/Fruit/Seed: Spring. Its greenish to reddish flowers appear in late February with the round, wafer-shaped seeds following in May. If you start growing w… The leaves are com… In Missouri, it is typically found in the Ozark region in dry upland areas (rocky woods and glade borders) and in moist low areas (valleys, ravine bottoms and along streams) (Steyermark). Questionmark butterflies have an interesting life cycles: overwintered adult Question Mark butterflies lay eggs from spring until the end of May. Scaly, shredding, patchy and grayish-brown, some reddish where bark exfoliates. The flower is typically very small with curling fuzzy stigmas. The bark is red-brown to ashy gray with flat topped ridges that are separated by irregular fissures. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: Insect problems include beetles, borers, caterpillars, leaf miners, and scale. In late winter, small red flowers mature in clusters.