The communication of information and consent through privacy policies can be implemented in two different manners: directly and indirectly. We then propose ways to implement the presentation of information and the provability of consent.A design space is also provided for systems designers, as a guide for choosing between the direct and the indirect implementations.Finally, we present fully functioning prototypes devised to demonstrate the feasibility of the framework’s implementations. The handbook is meant to be both a compendium of new work in symbolic logic and an authoritative resource for students and researchers, a book to be consulted for specific information about recent developments in logic and to be read with pleasure for its technical acumen and philosophical insights. The results show a promising outlook on the applicability of our proposed frameworks in real-world settings. 0*!��4NC [FHMV95] Ronald Fagin, Joseph Y. Halpern, Yoram Moses, and Moshe Y. Vardi. However, using it as an introduction on logic for computer scientists is probably ambitious because the explanations are rather complicated for undergraduates. In each case the initial presentation is semantic: Boolean valuations for propositional logic, models for first-order logic, and normal models when equality is added. A technical justification is given by the faithfulness of translations into intuitionistic first-order logic. Modal operators can be given a variety of interpretations, depending on the precise use that is made of the ideas of "necessity" and "possibility", The main topic of this thesis is the representation of fragments of intuitionistic and modal propositional logic by �usually �nite� structures� called exact models� One of the reasons for the interest in properties of fragments with such a �nite representation is the possibility of designing computer programs to decide derivability within the fragment� In general� this kind of program� based on, The papers presented in this volume examine topics of central interest in contemporary philosophy of logic. �Ҁ�!Ь��[email protected]�Z�R��!Dd�d�]���-.8:��3��G����3gNu�Q}�{��~߽WB���$�}��K�\����=���V"L%L�M�_�[�e�;GX��>�ݶ���D�x�_\|Zbt��$�i~ӝݽ��8/�U%FGlP;mHڬ�ݐ$~�8��ED���>t^�. Bibliography 401 [Che80] B. F. Chellas. Applications to automated theorem proving are considered and usable programs in Prolog are provided. For the logics considered, decidability and the finite model property presented open problems. This does not mean, of course, that the book will be of no interest to philosophers or mathematicians. Implementations of tableau theorem provers are given in Prolog, and resolution is left as a project for the student. Reasoning about Knowledge. %%EOF Basic modal logic. More precisely, they use formal languages such as Linear Temporal Logic [65], First-Order Logic, ... An overview of our framework is shown in Figure 4.3. By so doing, we provide a novel, consistent, formal and computationally grounded semantic to reason about group communicating social commitments and their fulfillments in MASs and prove the soundness and completeness of the proposed logic. In this paper, the z3 solver is used for this purpose and corresponding illustrative examples for SMT-LIB are provided for a small dynamic network. Theorem Proving and Logic Programming, Logic has obtained a new and important role in Computer Science. This book introduces the notions and methods of formal logic from a computer science standpoint, covering propositional logic, predicate logic, and foundations of logic programming. Fog systems are a recent trend of distributed computing having vastly ubiquitous architectures and distinct requirements making their design difficult and complex. LOGIC OPERATIONS AND TRUTH TABLES Digital logic circuits handle data encoded in binary form, i.e. A great book on the introduction of logics. It does contain a thorough presentation of formal logic and many proof techniques, and as such it contains all the material one would expect to find in a course in formal logic covering completeness but not incompleteness issues. Formal verification techniques are best applied in the early stages of software design when the cost is relatively low and the benefits are high, ... Temporal logic is a symbolic logic, which permits specifying claims (i.e., propositions) that have truth values. Natural deduction systems for various intuitionistic modal logics are presented. Fundamentals of Database Systems. It defines a probability distribution over the nodes of a chase network, a structure induced by the grounding of a Soft Vadalog program with the chase procedure. For example, we can combine three propositions into one like this: The standard theory arises from interpreting the semantic definitions in the ordinary meta-theory of informal classical mathematics. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. The increasing number of devices raises the possibility of surveillance to a level never seen before.A major step has been taken in 2018 to safeguard privacy, with the introduction of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) in the European Union. We then recall the basic features of the Nelson-Oppen method and investigate sufficient conditions for it to be complete and terminating in the non-disjoint signatures case: for completeness we rely on a model-theoretic $T_0$-compatibility condition (generalizing stable infiniteness) and for termination we impose a noetherianity requirement on positive constraints chains. The generalized tableau technique is exhibited on Petri nets, and various standard notions from net theory are shown to playa part in the use of the technique on nets-in particular, the invariant calculus has a major role. ion. This material can be used both as a first text in formal logic and as an introduction to automation issues, and is intended for those interested in computer science and mathematics at the beginning graduate level. En particulier, l’ajout d’aspects probabilistes dans les systèmes B événementiel est une problématique qui n’a pas été bien étudiée dans l’état de l’art. We are primarily talking about truth as used in mathematical discourse, and our interest in it is, or should be, self-evident. I was amazed when I looked through it for the ﬁrst time. These will be included in this ﬁle, and incorporated into future printings of the book. Formal languages are languages which have their syntax and semantics defined by means of mathematical definitions. across the most important open problem in computer science—a problem whose solution could change the world. Truth is a semantic concept, so we begin with models and their properties. We show that the logic of partial quasiary predicates is undecidable over arbitrary structures and not recursively enumerable over finite structures. Consequently, to prove that FR ⊭ □ → , it is enough to prove that FR ⊭ □p → p where p is any substitution instance of, ... Berto and Plebani [Ber15]. This book is intended for computer scientists. Data-minimization and fairness are fundamental data protection requirements to avoid privacy threats and discrimination. We validated the applicability and usability of our conflict detection technique based on a health care management case study, and an experimental user study, respectively. endstream endobj 167 0 obj <>stream We introduce Soft Vadalog, a probabilistic extension to Vadalog satisfying these desiderata. An introduction to applying predicate logic to testing and verification of software and digital circuits that focuses on applications rather than theory. Although there is a common core to all such books they will be very dif ferent in emphasis, methods, and even appearance. [EN94] R. Elmasri and S. B. Navathe. Third, hidden data correlations that might lead to influence biases against protected characteristics of individuals such as ethnicity in decision-making software. A Discipline of Programming. This course was ﬁrst offered in Spring 2002, with the help of an extraordinary group of Assistant Coaches. ACM Press, January 1996. Solution Manual of Digital Logic And Computer Design 2nd Edition Morris Mano The coverage of this book is quite good for what concerns logic in computer science. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. 1.1 Motivation for the Study of Logic In the early years of this century symbolic or formal logic became quite popular with philoso- P vs. NP problem is very important research direction in computation complexity theory. Our framework for the integration is the following: we fix a theory $T$ in a first-order signature $Sigma$ and consider as a temporal model a sequence $cM_1, cM_2, dots$ of standard (first-order) models of $T$ and assume such models to share the same carrier (or, equivalently, the domain of the temporal model to be `constant'). In addition, results such as compactness, interpolation, and the Beth definability theorem are easily established. Much of the subtlety is removed from the tableau itself, and put into a relation on the state space defined by the tableau-the success of the tableau then depends on the well-foundedness of this relation. This book is intended for computer scientists interested in automated theorem proving in classical logic. Disclaimer: The contents of the PDF documentation are included in VIMMP project deliverable 1.4 which will eventually be made available to the public through CORDIS; the present material (ontologies and the PDF documentation) can be reused and further developed under the terms and conditions of LGPL version 3, provided that proper attribution is made to the original authors and any additional contributors as well as the VIMMP project consortium. Possible world semantics underlies many of the applications of modal logic in computer science and philosophy. I purchased Logic in Computer Science 2nd Edition recently in preparation for an exam I have soon. This framework is composed of a protocol to communicate and negotiate privacy policies, requirements to present information and interact with data subjects, and requirements over the provability of consent.We support the feasibility of this generic framework with different options of implementation. A many sorted first order logic formula is constructed and this model can be checked with respect to a set of properties. The traditional mathematical way of dealing with Logic is in some respect not tailored for Computer Science ap- plications. ... SMT usually works with a typed version of first order logic, particularly Many Sorted First Order Logic (MSFOL). PDF | On Jan 1, 1990, Steve Reeves and others published Logic for computer science | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate If all sequences of rule applications lead to an “obviously unsatisﬁable” con- Some of the key areas of logic that are particularly significant are computability theory (formerly called recursion theory), modal logic and category theory.The theory of computation is based on concepts defined by logicians and mathematicians such as Alonzo Church and Alan Turing. – Sometimes, “negative logic” (1 = 0V, 0 = +V [e.g., 5V]) is used. It is also established that, in many cases, the natural deduction systems induce well-known intuitionistic modal logics, previously given by Hilbert-style axiomatizations. B�@b L�]@%v̽[email protected]��E��|g�c`pu�8�df}��ߙIO��|�Ɵ+7�%�b6x�A~F���N��%@��ہؗ�%Z�g�wY K�T�M� H P Remark 1 If a frame FR satisfies a certain formula , then FR satisfies every substitution instance of . Eindhoven University of Technology, July 1996. La difficulté réside principalement dans l’expression des probabilités ainsi que la vérification des aspects probabilistes dans ce formalisme.Dans cette thèse, une extension probabiliste au B événementiel est proposée pour permettre la description ainsi que la vérification des aspects probabilistes des systèmes. We finally supply examples of theories matching these combinability hypotheses. The network consistency can be verified using an SMT-solver, and the formula can be used for the run-time network verification when a given static network instance is implemented. This tableau technique is here generalized to the infinite case by considering sets of states, rather than single states; because the logic used, the propositional modal mu-calculus, separates simple modal and boolean connectives from powerful fix-point operators (which make the logic more expressive than many other temporal logics), it is possible to give a rela tively straightforward set of rules for constructing a tableau. This paves the way to employ efficient Satisfiability Modulo Theories solvers in the model-checking of infinite state systems. Written as a book to learn from, theoretical points are always illustrated by examples from the applications and by exercises whose solutions are also presented. Algorithm has ceased to be used as a variant form of the older word. endstream endobj 164 0 obj <> endobj 165 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]>>/Rotate 0/Type/Page>> endobj 166 0 obj <>stream This thesis investigates the intuitionistic modal logics that arise in this way. Functions are represented by directed, acyclic graphs in a manner similar to the representations introduced by C. Y. Lee (1959) and S. B. Akers (1978), but with further restrictions on the ordering of decision variables in the graph. Enhancing Transparency and Consent in the Internet of Things, Data Protection Assurance by Design: Support for Conflict Detection, Requirements Traceability, and Fairness Analysis, On using SMT-solvers for Modeling and Verifying Dynamic Network Emulators, Reasoning about group social commitments in multi-agent systems, Modeling Self-adaptive Fog Systems Using Bigraphs, Computational properties of the logic of partial quasiary predicates, Reasoning Under Uncertainty in Knowledge Graphs, Introduction de raisonnement probabiliste dans la méthode B événementiel, A Proof “P≠NP” for P vs. NP Problem by Multiple-Tape Turing-Machine, First-Order Logic and Automated Theorem Proving, An Axiomatic Basis of Computer Programming, Graph-based algorithms for Boolean function manipulation, Grundgesetze der Arithmetik. It is however possible. Modal Logic -- an Introduction. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. Logic in Computer Science by Huth and Ryan is an exceptional book. The ACM's Special Interest Group on Algorithms and Computation Theory (SIGACT) provides the following description: In an increasingly connected world, the Internet permeates every aspect of our lives. The technique used was a tableau method, constructing a tableau according to the formula and the local structure of the model. Normalization is then used to establish the completeness of cut-free sequent calculi for all of the systems, and decidability for some of the systems. It is conceived to allow self-instruction for a beginner with basic knowledge in Mathematics and Computer Science, but is also highly suitable for … However, one caveat I have with the book is that they don’t provide completed solutions to the exercises. checking the validity of formulas in a model� is much more effi cient than traditional theorem proving� This e fficiency of model checking versus theorem proving� has in recent years attracted the attention of researchers in artifi�cial intelligence and knowledge representation. The text is suitable for use in a classroom, seminar, or for individual study. 172 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<8FBDDD7D1D3A264AB99E98B6229B4F7A>]/Index[163 19]/Info 162 0 R/Length 63/Prev 272864/Root 164 0 R/Size 182/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream Each of the proposed frameworks is supported by automated tool support. 1.1 Compound Propositions In English, we can modify, combine, and relate propositions with words such as “not”, “and”, “or”, “implies”, and “if-then”. However, a model-based approach that addresses the issues above is missing. intuitionistic logic in an introductory text, the inevitably cost being a rather more summary treatment of some aspects of classical predicate logic. %PDF-1.3 %���� The application areas range from knowledge representation and theoretical economics to the semantics of natural. 163 0 obj <> endobj These are used to define our subject. The authors retain the right to publication and dissemination by additional means, following procedures and regulations in line with the terms and conditions from the VIMMP consortial agreement. language and programming languages. Begriffsschriftlich abgeleitet. paraconsistent logic, free logics, extensional v. intensional logics, the logic of fiction, epistemic logic, formal logical and semantic paradoxes, the concept of truth, the formal theory of entailment, objectual and substitutional interpretation of the quantifiers, infinity and domain constraints, the Lowenheim-Skolem theorem and Skolem paradox, vagueness, modal realism v. actualism, counterfactuals and the logic of causation, applications of logic and mathematics to the physical sciences, logically possible worlds and counterpart semantics, and the legacy of Hilberts program and logicism. FORE Systems Professor of Computer Science Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA Formal methods have ﬁnally come of age! It presents applications and themes of computer science research such as resolution, automated deduction, and logic programming in a rigorous but readable way. The goal of this thesis is to provide a solution for information communication and consent management in the Internet of Things from a technological point of view.To do so, we introduce a generic framework for information communication and consent management in the Internet of Things. For example p , q , r , … {\displaystyl… Although, in the worst case, a function requires a graph where the number of vertices grows exponentially with the number of arguments, many of the functions encountered in typical applications have a more reasonable representation. A novel model-based approach to verify dynamic networks is proposed; the approach consists in formally describing the network topology as well as the dynamic link parameters. H�D�� A first course on logic and another on AI would not hurt before getting into this one. - Written by leading logicians and philosophers - Comprehensive authoritative coverage of all major areas of contemporary research in symbolic logic - Clear, in-depth expositions of technical detail - Progressive organization from general considerations to informal to symbolic logic to nonclassical logics - Presents current work in symbolic logic within a unified framework - Accessible to students, engaging for experts and professionals - Insightful philosophical discussions of all aspects of logic -Useful bibliographies in every chapter - Written by leading logicians and philosophers - Comprehensive authoritative coverage of all major areas of contemporary research in symbolic logic - Clear, in-depth expositions of technical detail - Progressive organization from general considerations to informal to symbolic logic to nonclassical logics - Presents current work in symbolic logic within a unified framework - Accessible to students, engaging for experts and professionals - Insightful philosophical discussions of all aspects of logic - Useful bibliographies in every chapter. Webster’s II New Riverside University Dictionary 1984. endstream endobj startxref mathematical procedure, the computer’s stock in trade. The, The subject of non-wellfounded sets came to prominence with the 1988 publication of Peter Aczel's book on the subject. Dans cette extension, nous proposons de remplacer toutes les sources de non-déterminisme en B événementiel par des probabilités, ce qui permettra ainsi la description des comportements purement probabilistes. (R ����}�V�3~�ٶZ� �ē����J�g�&D��I��s+s�@6c�(���a�T �[email protected]��}PrUvo'_Sm����N>��씹��r)r�ȍ�L��Җh*V�nNR�C����iHRc4X�M� #�}��S�qTu�� 5��ǟ��Y�����` �kE5 The Handbook of Logic in Computer Science is a six volume, internationally authored work which offers a comprehensive treatment of the application of the concepts of logic to theoretical computer science. Manna and Pnueli have extensively shown how a mixture of FOL and LTL is sufficient to precisely state verification problems for the class of reactive systems: theories in FOL model the (possibly infinite) data structures used by a reactive system while LTL specifies its (dynamic) behavior. In addition to presenting the basic material on hypersets and their applications, this volume thoroughly develops the mathematics behind solving systems of set equations, greatest fixed points, coinduction, and corecursion. There are many kinds of books on formal logic. EMMC Zenodo record 3936796 (https://zenodo.org/record/3936796). endstream endobj 168 0 obj <>stream In the second part of our contribution, we develop a framework for integrating first-order logic (FOL) and discrete Linear time Temporal Logic (LTL). The notion of bigraph patterns is used in conjunction with boolean and temporal operators to encode spatio-temporal properties inherent to Fog systems and applications. In the quantifier-free case, we obtain sufficient conditions for %undecidability and decidability for both satisfiability and model-checking of safety properties emph{by lifting combination methods} for emph{non-disjoint} theories in FOL: noetherianity and $T_0$-compatibility (where $T_0$ is the theory axiomatizing the rigid subtheory) gives decidability of satisfiability, whereas $T_0$-compatibility and local finiteness give safety model-checking decidability. Theoretical computer science (TCS) is a subset of general computer science and mathematics that focuses on mathematical aspects of computer science such as lamda calculus or type theory. Within computer sci ence formal logic turns up in a number of areas, from program verification to logic programming to artificial intelligence. [Dij76] E. W. Dijkstra. Vadalog and its logical core Warded Datalog+/− are not covered by existing probabilistic programming and statistical relational models for many reasons including weak support for existentials, recursion and the impossibility to express inductive definitions. It extends the idea of finite local model-checking, which was introduced by Stirling and Walker: rather than traversing the entire state space of a model, as is done for model-checking in the sense of Emerson, Clarke et ai. I. In this paper, we present a novel formal model defining spatial and structural aspects of Fog-based systems using Bigraphical Reactive Systems, a fully graphical process algebraic formalism. Propositional symbols: A set Prop {\displaystyle {\text{Prop}}} of some symbols. Mathematical logic is … first case deals with extensions of the theory of arrays where indexes are endowed with a Presburger arithmetic structure and a length expressing `dimension' is added; the second case deals with the algebraic counterparts of fusion in modal logics. ́ͮ�_�hD�$UpNU4! We believe, however, that a glance at the wide variety of ways in which logic is used in computer science fully justifies this approach. signals that have only two values, 0and 1. M. Huth and M. Ryan, “Logic in Computer Science – Modeling and Reasoning about systems”, Second Edition, Cambridge University Press, 2004-Ref8.pdf - Google Drive For the effective assurance of data protection needs, it is important to avoid sources of violations right from the design modeling phase. From one point of view, these systems are self-justifying in that a possible world interpretation of the modalities can be read off directly from the inference rules. The main benefit of the natural deduction systems over axiomatizations is their susceptibility to proof-theoretic techniques. ... Logic in Computer Science: Modelling … Vadalog is based on Warded Datalog+/−, an existential rule language that strikes a good balance between computational complexity: with tractable reasoning in data complexity, and expressive power covering SPARQL under set semantics and the entailment regime for OWL 2 QL. NPTEL Video by Prof. S Arun Kumar: click here 2. 511, 1986), published by Dover, June 2015. Experimental results are presented from applying these algorithms to problems in logic design verification that demonstrate the practicality of the approach. Logical operations (also called logical functions) are functions that can be applied to one or more logic inputs and produce a single logic … ;X"v��S��&O^� 1��TucaH���DG���X����j�د�8.��nJ/ ��x �̴��W�,$ގ|�E����Չ�PB�{����ڧo�q�Q�q���[]okG����o��g�?�Q's��={NI�8l㔜�r����k��c$$�E�3�C�I=t3��ɱ�A���w�v���p��V/��\��Ng���w�,ֶ��I}L$�'p���XG��~��i�,���s]�d2¾}� P�qD�Y7 �=�3�!�]����d}�d����6�l����9m4�� ]�6݆����fhՎ����2�Cνʵ��s|���M?e��Ǉ�V����i�g��� ��1-� �&���j�,��d;� Sign in. Some have philosophers as their intended audience, some mathematicians, some computer scientists. La méthode B événementiel est équipée de la plateforme Rodin quenous étendons pour permettre la prise en compte des éléments de l’extension.Les différents aspects de ce travail sont illustrés par plusieurs études de cas : un protocole de communication pair à pair, le système de train d’atterrissage d’un avion et un système de freinage d’urgence. UMLfair to support individual fairness analysis and reporting discriminatory behaviors. Third, the UML extension Furthermore, we adopt the interpreted systems as an underlying formalism over which our developed postulates are interpreted. Violations of data protection requirements often result from: First, conflicts between security, data-minimization and fairness requirements. ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems, 16(5):1512--1542, September 1994. A convenient way to address the challenge of designing Fog systems is through the use of formal methods, which provide the needed precision and high-level assurance for their specification through formal verification. Completeness issues are centered in a model existence theorem, which permits the coverage of a variety of proof procedures without repetition of detail. Certainly classical predicate logic is the basic tool of Tableau Method Intuition: to check satisﬁability of P, we apply tableau rules to P that make explicit the constraints that P imposes on formulas occuring in P (subformulas). Fog computing is based on an idea that consists of leveraging both resource-scarce computing nodes around the Edge to perform latency and delay sensitive tasks and Cloud servers for the more intensive computation. The number of devices connected to the global network is rising, with prospects foreseeing 75 billions devices by 2025.The Internet of Things envisioned twenty years ago is now materializing at a fast pace, but this growth is not without consequence. Logic for Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence is the classroom-tested result of several years of teaching at Grenoble INP (Ensimag). All rights reserved. We validated the applicability of our individual fairness analysis technique using three case studies featuring a school management system, a delivery management system and a loan management system. After covering basic material of propositional logic and first-order logic, the course presents the foundations of finite model theory and descriptive complexity. Mathematical Logic for Computer Science by Ben-Ari Artificial Intelligence by Russell and Norvig Grading Scheme Assignment 1 (15%), Midsem (30%), Assignment 2 (15%), Endsem (40%) [LN] Lecture Notes [PDF ] Video Lectures 1.

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